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Up to the fourth generation we saw how computers evolved as the switching devices improved. Fifth generation computers are future computers.
In 1982 Japan started a project named Fifth Generation Computer Systems Project (FGCS) initiated to create a “fifth generation computer” which was supposed to perform much calculation using massive parallel processing.
The project was to create the computer over a ten year period, after which it was considered ended and investment in a new, Sixth Generation project, began. Opinions about its outcome are divided: Either it was a failure, or it was ahead of its time. Anyway, it’s out of our context for the moment. I just wished to make you aware you of this fact.
Fifth generation computers are anticipated new type of computer based on emerging microelectronic technologies with high computing speeds and parallel processing. Other major expectations out of this generation are the ability to use natural language and acquire artificial intelligence (AI).
Computers will be able to learn by its experience. These computers are being made using ULSI (Ultra Large Scale IC) and Bio-Chips.
We can see some development in achieving these features already. Parallel processing, voice recognition systems and some level of intelligence is been already realized.
CLARIFICATION: Use natural language – computers will be able to understand and use the language that we use in speaking rather than the specially structured commands we are still using in computers.
If you are looking for the examples of fifth generation computers, PIM/m, PIM/p, PIM/i, PIM/k, PIM/c are the names of fifth generation computers.